Research, Review and Report
I. Choose an original research study to read from among the peer review journal choices below. Any other journal must first be cleared by the instructor. The study chosen must meet the following criteria:
1. must be original research (not a meta analysis)
2. must be about nutrition
3. must be less than five years old
4. MUST be a RANDOMIZED, CONTROL TRIAL (RCT) as this is the gold standard for research.
New England Journal of MedicineDiabetes Care
Journal of the American Medical AssociationLancet
Journal of Clinical NutritionPreventive Medicine
Journal of the National Cancer InstituteJournal of Clinical Investigation
American Journal of Clinical NutritionJournal of Nutrition
Journal of the American Dietetic Association Pediatrics
Journal of the American College of NutritionObesity
American Journal of Public HealthJournal of Nutrition Education
European Journal of Clinical NutritionArchives of Internal Medicine
British Medical JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Medicine and Science in Sports and ExerciseNutrition
Nutrition ResearchFood Technology
ScienceInternational Journal of Obesity
You may have to read several articles to be sure that an actual study was done and that the authors were not simply reviewing studies done by others. Do not use a “meta-analysis”. You must use original research.
You may go to the Merritt College Library for assistance. Several of the above mentioned journals are available. The librarians are very helpful–just ask.
Try google. Google the journal you want, or google the topic you want. But remember your article must be from one of the peer-review journals above, about Nutrition, a randomized, control trial, and less than 5 years old (for example, childhood obesity/ random controlled trial).
The libraries at UCB (Biosciences Library or Public Health Library) and UCSF have many of these journals. Or, you may find many of these journals through the internet. It may cost money to purchase some studies. To retrieve studies from the internet, try going to PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/) through the National Library of Medicine. Enter a term or phrase of interest in the query box, located at the top of the website.
Make a copy of the study—you must submit a full copy of the study with your research report.
II. Read the study carefully. Expect to read it at least 3-5 times to actually understand it.
III. Complete the following. Your report should be about 2-3 pages, using 12-point font (single space). All answers MUST be in your own words. DO NOT copy from the study. Plagiarism will result in an automatic “F”.
Plagiarism check: Did you use any wording from the article? Did you properly cite any used wording? Did you answer questions in your own words, not those of the study? Did you use terminology from the study that you don’t know what it means?
A. First, give the NAME and DATE of the journal, name of the AUTHOR(s), and TITLE of the
study. (3 points)
B. Then, answer the following questions about your research study. (13 points)
1. How many authors are there? What are the primary author’s academic credentials or professional affiliations?
2. What was the purpose of the study? Why did they choose to research this area? Did the author(s) state clearly the reason for the study?
3. What specific nutritional issues or concerns were being addressed?
4. How many subjects were in the control group? In the intervention group? How many
subjects were recruited?
5. What nutrition assessment methods were used (diet, anthropometric, clinical, labs)?
6. What were the results?
7. How did they measure results? Describe. Use your own words, do not use method language from the study.
8. What benefit to nutrition and/or health might come from the study results? Are the results relevant to the “average” American?
9. Who funded/ sponsored the study? Does the sponsor stand to gain from a specific
outcome? Use critical thinking.
10. Review the study references. How many references are there? What is the oldest
C. Summarize the entire study in 2-3 paragraphs. Include study results. Use your own words- do not copy from study. (5 points)
D. Finally, critique the study. (9 points)
In your opinion, was this a quality study? Why or why not?
Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the study. Do you think the study results are
valid and useful? Consider issues such as sample size, length of study, etc, etc. (Use your critical thinking skills.)
IV. Your report should be submitted as follows: