1.a) Identify any three goals of psychology.
b) Describe briefly how psychology differs from common sense.
c) Using appropriate examples, distinguish between the following terms.
i. Overt behavior and covert behavior.
ii. Alternative hypothesis and null hypothesis.
iii. Absolute threshold and difference threshold.
d) Explain any two disadvantages of using the experimental method in psychological research.
e) Identify any three areas of contrast between classical and operant conditioning.
f) Using appropriate examples, explain any three environmental influences on human behavior.
2.a) Define intelligence.
b) Explain any four causes of mental retardation.
c) Explain the multiple theory of intelligence by Thurstone.
3.a) What is learning?
b) Describe any four factors that affect learning.
c) Explain how a teacher can apply the Abraham Maslows hierarchy of needs in learning.
4.a) What is perception.
b) Describe any four perceptual constancies as explained in Gestalt psychology.
c) Discuss any five factors that affect human perception.
5.a) Using appropriate examples, explain any two anxiety disorders.
b) Explain any four long term defense mechanism used by people to cope with frustrations. Give an example of each.
c) Discuss five perspectives or models that attempt to explain the causes of abnormal behavior.