Write a 3-page paper on how Oskar Fischinger influenced Tim Burton’s 1993 film “The Nightmare Before Christmas,” directed by Henry Selick. It is not important to describe the plot, or whether you like it or not. Instead, focus on at least 3 key visual and animation-related qualities of the historic filmmaker. For example, if you choose Jan Svenkmajer’s “Jabberwocky,” your first point could be on the visual images, and what makes them so visually nightmarish. To support this, you could make an argument about the influence of European Surrealism, and how Svenkmajer juxtaposes ordinary dolls with suggestions of gruesome overtones. Cite example 1 of this, then 2, then 3 that support how these images are nightmarish. Then compare images, perhaps with character designs, in “Nightmare Before Christmas.” Show how they are similar/different; cite 3 examples, etc. Remember to be specific with your points; avoid things such as: ″This film had a scarey look that made the audience afraid.″ Instead: ″The sharp, pointy trees visually emphasize the threat to the hero. In the early scenes, the trees appear less harsh, but as they enter the forest, the threat increases …″ Another suggestion for animation related themes: the timing – how quickly or slowly characters move in relation to their character and to the narrative (Think of Jack Skellington singing as he walks through the graveyard in the second sequence. Think of ways to visually describe this.) Other themes: The lighting: high contrast vs. low contrast; sharp vs. soft-edged textures. The staging: how a shot is framed to emphasize a visual threat or fear. E.g.: A character is visually threatened by staged very small – in opposition to a foe E.g.: Strong diagonal shapes in the background pointing at a character, such as trees, – another visual threat The camera angles; E.g.: an up-shot that suggests strength (camera looking up at the character from the ground). E.g.: a titled angle may emphasize visual tension, or a foreboding moment; a tilted horizon feels uneasy to the viewer Use of music: often a film begins with one atmosphere and changes to another (from major to minor key, for example), Use of sound: natural sounds, exaggerated sounds, reverberations, harsh accents,etc. Use of color: saturated & rich hues vs. subdued & pale colors Specific visual elements, such as cast shadows (very dark tones, long casting tones, lighting from below on someone’s face Use of shapes: soft & round shapes (usually feel friendly) vs. sharp & pointy (villainous); these may relate to the character designs or the overall art direction. Normally I ask for at least 2 different historic films from the historic filmmaker. This summer, It is ok to use one historic stop-motion film from one filmmaker; however, will need to use more than one scene from that historic film when you compare it to different scenes in “Nightmare Before Christmas.” A few clear points form a better argument that many unrelated observations. Most importantly, apply the visual and animation-related terms from the textbook and the lectures (as in some of the samples noted above). These may also be found in D2L ˃ CONTENT ˃ SLIDESHOWS. Worth 13 points; 2 1/2 to 3 pages; or about 700 – 750 words; Submit to D2L as a .docx file. Refer to previous notes about compare & contrast structures, text size & style, & margin formats (12-point, New Times Roman).